PROFILE
 

CHAPTER I:  BASIC INFORMATION  

  A.      Physical Information

  1.       Geography

  Gutalac occupies the southern portion of the province of Zamboanga del Norte and located approximately 182 kilometers from Dipolog City, the capital of the province. It is bounded on the north and west by Sulu Sea, on the south by the municipality of Baliguian and on the east by the municipalities of Labason and Kalawit. Bordering the municipality is a 32 kilometers coastline on the northwest, 39-kilometer river on the east and 29 kilometer line from Coronado Point on the west.

 2.       Topography

  The topographic condition of the municipality ranges from slightly rolling hilly to mountainous. The elevation within the urban center ranges from 150 to 200 meters above sea level. Highest peak is found about 5 kilometers southeast of barangay New Dapitan with an elevation of 745 meters. Second highest peak that is visible in every corner of the municipality is Mt. Bantal, located about 2-kilometer northwest of barangay Mamawan with an elevation of 665 meter. Most plain to nearly level land is evident at the outskirts of every barangay and coastal areas. Some patch of level land area also found along rivers.

 

  ESTIMATED AREA BY DIFFERENT ELEVATION

Elevation

Area (has.)

%

 

Below 100 m

14.54

100 m to 200 m

15,866

32.43

200 m to 300 m

7,495

15.32

300 m to 400 m

4,512

9.22

400 m to 500 m

5,039

10.30

500 m to 600 m

5,492

11.22

600 m to 700 m

3,250

6.64

Above 700 m

160

.33

TOTAL

48,926

100.00

 

3.       Land Area

  Gutalac as the fourth largest municipality in the province covers a total land area of 48,926 hectares. This comprises 27,986 hectares covering the 33 barangays 76 sitios and 20,940 hectares covering uninhabited forestall area.

 

APPROXIMATE LAND AREA BY BARANGAY

Barangay

No. of Sitios

Area (has.)

%

Sas

2

2,512

5.13

Mamawan

5

2,262

4.62

Immaculada Concepcion

2

1,550

3.17

Bagong Silang

3

1,444

2.95

Panganuran

4

1,412

2.89

Imelda

3

1,362

2.78

Lux

1

1,262

2.58

Cocob

2

1,156

2.36

Pitawe

7

969

1.98

Bayanihan

2

885

1.81

Sibalic

6

881

1.80

Bacong

3

869

1.78

Buenavista

0

844

1.73

Canupong

4

831

1.70

New Dapitan

2

800

1.64

Malian

1

762

1.56

Upper Gutalac

2

756

1.55

Map

5

737

1.51

San Vicente

0

687

1.40

Sto. Niño

2

631

1.29

San Juan

1

569

1.16

San Isidro

2

562

1.15

Banganon

1

556

1.14

Tipan

3

525

1.07

Lower Lux

1

506

1.03

Pitogo

1

494

1.00

Datagan

3

469

.96

Loay

2

419

.86

Matunoy

0

362

.74

La Libertad

2

337

.69

Poblacion

3

269

.55

San Roque

1

237

.48

Salvador

0

69

.14

 

4.       Climate

  The municipality belongs to the four types of climate. There are two district reasons, the dry and the rainy. Dry seasons start to be felt in the month of January and end either in the month of April or May. The municipality is below typhoon belt. However, great intensity may felt in high places and coastal area that causes sporadic to crops and properties. The temperature ranges from relatively cool in nighttime and warm in daytime.

 

5.       Land Capability

  The land of the municipality is classified class A and M described as follows:

  A – A good land that can b cultivated safely and extensively with ordinary good farming practice.

M – this land is too steep, eroded, rough or shallow for cultivation but suited for grazing if handle with great care.

 

6.       Soil Type

  The basic soil components in the municipality are Louisiana Complex, San Miguel silt and undifferentiated mountain soil.

 

7.       Crop Suitability

  Almost all kinds of economic crops are suited throughout the municipality. Under normal weather condition most land of the municipality is suited primarily to corn production. Other crops include rice, coconuts, root crops, vegetables and fruits. Cogonal area covers mostly the open spaces as vegetation. Uninhabited areas of the municipality are covered with forest trees. Diversified farming brought several hectares of agricultural area planted to more profitable crops. These include mango, wood trees and rubber.

 

8.       Land Classification

  For the purpose of economic development and maintenance of ecological balance, the total land area of the municipality is classified into the following use: seasonal crops, open space, primary forest, secondary forest, cocoland, Riceland, watershed area, build-up area and expansion for built-up area.

 

GENERAL LAND USE ESTIMATED AREA

Land Use/Physical Attributes/Vegetation

Area (Has)

%

Agriculture – Undulating to rolling slope and moderately soils with none to slight erosion. Area planted to seasonal crops like corn, rice, root crops and vegetables. Included in this area are coconuts and fruit trees. Generally this area are suited for agricultural production

25,110

51.32

Production Forest – Rolling moderately steep slope and shallow soil will slight erosion. Natural forest with some portion of logged-ever area and reforested area.

13,090

26.75

Protection Forest – Steep, slope and very shallow soil with severe erosion. Natural forest not suited for agricultural production and considered reservation areas.

4,720

9.65

Protected Areas for Agriculture – Fire heavy texture and well drained with none to slight flooding. Highly suitable for agricultural production.

3,255

6.65

Watershed Area – Rolling to moderately steep and shallow soil with slight erosion. Protected catchment area reserve for potable water supply for urban utilization. This area had been identified for water supply III development of the urban center.

1,750

3.58

Settlement Area – Small patch of level land where center of barangay is located and concentration of barangay dwelt.

720

1.47

Built-up Area – Urban center of the municipality utilize for residential, commercial, industrial and institutional use.

146

0.30

Expansion for built-up area – Reserved area urban development.

135

0.27

TOTAL

48,926

100.00

 

9.       Rivers and Creeks

 

There are 5 rivers and creeks and 38 creeks all throughout the municipality. Kipit that is the principal river of the municipality runs the entire boundary between Gutalac and Labason up to Kalawit and reaching as far as the Zamboanga del Sur. The area of the municipality is distinctively interspersed with creeks. Majorities of these creeks are intermediaries to rivers and few emptied directly to Sulu Sea.

 

LIST OF RIVERS AND CREEKS

Name   Location   Estimated Length (K.M.) 
A. Rivers  
1. Kipit River   La Libertad   38 
2. Matunoy River   Matunoy 8  
3. Mit River  

Malian

18  

4. Panganuran River

Panganuran  

19

5. Sibalic River   Sibalic   20
B. Creeks
1. Bacong Creek   Bacong   3
2. Bakutan Creek   Bagong Silang 4
3. Balabay Creek Sas   2
4. Banganon Creek   Banganon   4
5. Boho Creek   Panganuran   2
6. Boton Creek Bayanihan   2
7. Cocob Creek   Cocob   2  
8. Colodan Creek   San Vicente   3  
9. Dipoli Creek   La Libertad 2
10. Gambasik Creek Canupong   4
11. Gambayoy Creek   Mamawan   3
1 2. Gambolong Creek Cocob   2
13. Kalubian Creek  

Cocob

2
14. Kapunan Creek Bacong   3
15. Kudi Creek   Upper Gutalac   2
16. Liasan Creek  

Imelda

4

17. Limalek Creek

Cocob

2  
18. Lulu Creek Sto. Niño   3
19. Lux Creek Lower Lux   5
20. Maglobog Creek   Buenavista   4
21. Mamawan Creek Mamawan 6
22. Mangamol Creek   Banganon   4  
23. Manguayan Creek Cocob 2
24. Matunoy Creek Matunoy   8
25. Misanol Creek Sas  

5

26. Misayao Creek   Mamawan   3
27. Nayop Creek Immaculada Concepcion   7
28. Nil Creek   Sas  

4

29. Paco Creek   Mamawan   3  
30. Palal Creek Immaculada Concepcion   4

31. Palos Creek

Sto. Niño 2
32. Pendolasan Creek   Bagong Silang  

2

33. Pigalaran Creek Bagong Silang 3
34. Pitawe Creek Pitawe   3
35. Sas Creek Sas
36. Sayog Creek   Bagong Silang 2
37. Sim Creek   Imelda   6
38. Talaptap Creek   Immaculada Concepcion 4
39. Tuminong Creek   Immaculada Concepcion   13

   

A.      Demographic Information

 

1.       Population

  The total population for 1999 is estimated to reach 30,442 based on the annual average growth rate of 2.68% and speculated to reach 33,550 for the year 2003. The population density on the average is 62 person per square kilometers. Urban population is 4,819 or 15.83% while rural population is 25,603 or 84.17%. The male-female ratio is 100.93 while total household is 5,689. Registered voters based on 1998 COMELEC records is 11,347.

 

1999 HOUSEHOLD POPULATION AND POPULATION DENSITY

Barangay

Number of Household

Average Household Size

Population Density/Sq.m.

Bacong

128

6.94

79

Bagong Silang

185

5.83

69

Banganon

142

5.15

136

Bayanihan

162

5.60

98

Buenavista

200

5.83

127

Canupong

184

5.06

119

Cocob

233

5.39

108

Datagan

95

5.66

129

Imelda

217

5.27

85

Immaculada Concepcion

104

3.97

36

La Libertad

219

5.61

348

Loay

180

5.10

230

Lower Lux

143

5.55

150

Lux

184

5.17

78

Malian

93

4.77

65

Mamawan

139

5.47

207

Map

160

5.00

117

Matunoy

139

5.47

207

New Dapitan

85

5.20

55

Panganuran

163

5.03

61

Pitawe

214

5.63

118

Poblacion

111

4.78

120

Salvador

242

5.11

1,880

San Isidro

154

5.30

146

San Juan

219

5.35

207

San Roque

137

5.14

307

San Vicente

230

5.43

179

Sto. Niño

117

4.75

100

Sas

180

5.25

99

Sibalic

168

5.00

103

Tipan

137

5.74

139

Upper Gutalac

251

5.60

117

TOTAL

5,589

5.35

62

 

PROJECTED POPULATION BY BARANGAY

(1999-2000 at Average Annual Growth Rate of 2.46)

Barangay

AGR (%)

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

1. Bacong

15.37

683

700

717

735

735

2. Bagong Silang

12.34

922

1,015

1,041

1,068

1,094

3. Banganon

2.45

758

777

796

816

836

4. Bayanihan

7.73

886

907

930

930

953

5. Buenavista

6.60

1,071

1,097

1,124

1,152

1,181

6. Canupong

12.70

985

1,009

1,033

1,089

1,085

7. Cocob

6.91

1,246

1,277

1,008

1,340

1,373

8. Datagan

2.69

510

523

536

549

562

9. Imelda

52.94

1,160

1,218

1,248

1,248

12,78

10. Immaculada Concepcion

2.30

555

569

583

597

612

11. La Libertad

6.60

1,175

1,173

1,232

1,262

1,294

12. Loay

5.93

962

986

1,009

1,035

1,060

13. Lower Lux

11.25

763

782

800

821

841

14. Lux

11.29

986

1,011

1,035

1,061

1,087

15. Malian

-1.18

499

511

534

537

550

16. Mamawan

24.77

1,389

1,424

1,459

1,495

1,531

17. Map

8.63

858

879

899

922

945

18. Matunoy

7.70

746

764

783

802

822

19. New Dapitan

11.95

454

465

476

488

500

20. Panganuran

.89

871

892

913

937

960

21. Pitawe

1.82

1,145

1,173

1,202

1,323

1,262

22. Pitogo

8.48

594

609

624

639

655

23. Poblacion

4.78

1,356

1,389

1,423

1,458

1,494

24. Salvador

2,900.00

1,297

1,329

1,329

1,395

1,430

25. San Isidro

7.83

825

845

866

887

909

26. San Juan

10.08

1,173

1,202

1,323

1,262

1,293

27. San Roque

2.47

732

750

768

787

806

28. San Vicente

17.19

1,299

1,259

1,290

1,322

1,345

29. Sto. Niño

8.13

624

639

655

671

688

30. Sas

2.29

965

989

1,012

1,083

1,064

31. Sibalic

6.82

901

923

944

968

993

32. Tipan

-.03

734

752

770

789

809

33. Upper Gutalac

13.99

1,341

1,374

1,408

1,443

1,478

TOTAL

8.98

30,442

31,191

31,958

32,774

33,550

 

1980-1998 POPULATION GROWTH

Year

Number of Barangays

Average Annual Growth Rate

Population

1980

11

2.41

10,817

1981

11

2.41

11,078

1982

11

2.41

11,345

1983

11

2.41

11,618

1984

11

2.41

11,898

1985

27

2.41

12,185

1986

28

7.59

13,110

1987

28

7.59

14,106

1988

28

7.59

15,177

1989

28

7.59

16,329

1990

31

7.59

17,569

1991

31

7.07

18,810

1992

31

7.07

20,139

1993

33

7.07

21,562

1994

33

7.07

23,086

1995

33

7.07

24,717

1996

33

7.07

25,018

1997

33

8.98

27,266

1998

33

8.98

29,711

1999

33

2.46

30,422

   

AGE-SEX DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION 1999

 

AGE-GROUP

MALE

FEMALE

BOTH-SEXES

%

Under 5

2,646

2.466

5,112

16.81

5 – 9

2,526

2,354

4,880

16.05

10 – 14

2,071

1,930

4,001

13.15

15 –19

1,600

1,491

3,091

10.16

20 – 24

1,279

1,192

2,071

8.12

25 – 29

1,201

1,120

2,231

7.63

32 – 34

1,042

972

2,014

6.62

35 – 39

886

826

1,712

5.63

40 - 44

668

622

1,290

4.24

45 – 49

505

471

976

3.21

50 – 54

438

408

846

2.78

55 – 59

323

301

624

2.05

60 – 64

241

225

466

1.53

65 – 69

148

138

286

0.94

70 – 74

80

75

155

0.94

75 – 79

54

50

104

0.34

80 – up

38

35

73

0.24

Total

15,346

14,676

30,422

100.00

 

2.       Labor Force/Occupational Group

  The total labor force of the municipality is 15,811 or 51.94 of the total population. This figure represents those ages from 15 to 64 years old that are considered the working age of population. Working population is predominantly the agriculture workers, which is 56.15%, followed by the non-gainful workers that include housekeepers, students and others, which is 37.82%. The rest of the working population are the professional, managerial, clerical, sale, service and production worker.

 

3.       Ethnic Group

  The Subanos originally settled the municipality. Most of the Christian migrants are the are from the Visayan region particularly from the province of Bohol, Negros, Cebu and Siquijor. Today Christians constitute 76.51%, Subano 22.47% and Muslim 1.02%. Subanos are dominant in the barangays of Panganuran, Sibalic, Cocob, Bagong Silang and Canupong. Muslim can be found small groups in the barangays of Imelda, La Libertad and Malian.


 

4.       Dialect

  With the municipal population bulk coming from the Visayas, Cebuano rank first in dialect spoken in the entire municipality. 70% of the people spoke Cebuano dialect, 23% Subano dialect, 6% Hiligaynon dialect and 1% Tausog dialect.

 

1999 ETHNIC POPULATION BY BARANGAY

  ETHNIC GROUP

Barangay

Subano

Muslim

Christian

Total

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

Poblacion

129

9.48

4

32

1,223

90.20

1,356

Bacong

42

6.20

0

0

641

93.80

683

Bagong Silang

866

87.32

0

0

126

12.68

992

Banganon

21

2.74

8

1

729

96.26

758

Bayanihan

0

0

0

0

865

100.00

865

Buenavista

102

9.57

0

0

969

90.43

1,071

Canupong

843

85.60

9

90

133

13.50

985

Cocob

1,096

87.94

17

1.34

133

10.72

1,246

Datagan

144

28.14

0

0

366

71.86

510

Imelda

262

22.62

150

12.95

746

64.42

1,160

Immaculate Conception

63

11.42

0

0

492

88.58

555

La Libertad

36

3.03

61

5.16

1,076

91.81

1,173

Loay

0

0

0

0

962

100.00

962

Lower Lux

0

0

0

0

763

100.00

763

Lux

0

0

0

0

986

100.00

986

Malian

88

17.70

31

6.21

380

76.09

499

Mamawan

521

37.50

13

.90

855

61.60

1,389

Map

127

14.81

0

0

731

85.19

858

Matunoy

0

0

0

0

746

100.00

746

New Dapitan

60

13.13

0

0

394

86.87

456

Panganuran

786

90.24

21

2.44

64

7.32

871

Pitawe

326

28.50

0

0

819

71.50

1,145

Pitogo

0

0

0

0

594

100.00

594

Salvador

24

1.74

5

35

1,327

97.91

1,356

San Isidro

73

8.81

6

70

746

90.49

825

San Juan

19

1.65

0

0

1,154

98.35

1,173

San Roque

0

0

0

0

732

100.00

732

San Vicente

25

2.21

0

0

1,202

97.79

1,229

Sto. Niño

252

40.43

8

1.24

364

58.33

624

Sas

156

16.20

0

0

809

83.80

965

Sibalic

797

88.43

0

0

104

11.57

901

Tipan

25

3.40

0

0

709

96.60

734

Upper Gutalac

306

22.79

0

0

1,035

77.21

1,341

Total

6,019

22.47

311

1.02

23,291

76.51

30,442

 

5.       Religion

 

Majority of the inhabitants in the municipality is Christians. The Roman Catholics comprises 45% of the total population. Although many Subanos have already been converted to Christian, there are still about 12% who practice the Subanos traditional belief. Other religious sectors of the municipality are the Iglesia ni Cristo, Protestant, Philippine Independent Church, Seventh Day Adventist, Assembly of God, Pentecostal, Jehovah’s Witness, Katumanan sa Kasuguan sa Dios Amahan and the Islam religion.

 

D. Natural Resources

  1.       Minerals

  The municipality is noted for its rich deposit of several kinds of mineral such as chromite, manganese, gold, marble and quarry materials. This can be attested by the fact that several areas in the municipality has been subjected mining claims and permits. Chromite and manganese, which were proven high in quality, is located in the barangays of Tipan, Bayanihan, Bacong, Mamawan, Pitawe, Map, Buenavista, and Matunoy. Gold are found in small area of barangay Bacong, Bayanihan, Immaculada Concepcion. Quarry materials for barangays of La Libertad, Sibalic, Panganuran, Tipan, Bacong and Pitawe. Subgrade aggregates used for most road projects are found in the barangays of Lower Lux, San Vicente and New Dapitan. Pebbles from barangays of Tipan, San Juan and La Libertad has also popular because of as growing demand in construction industry.

  2.       Marine

  The municipal territorial water stretching a 32-kilometer coastline is endowed with rich marine resources. Sustenance fisherman are noted in most coastal barangay, while number of commercial fishing boats are operating in major fishing grounds in the municipality. Fishing has become chief industry by some people of barangay La Libertad, Loay, Banganon, San Juan, Bacong and Pitawe. Fish catch are either sold fresh or processed dried for better market value.

  3.       Forest

  The municipality is noted for its vast timber reserves and other minor forest products like rattan. Having a total area of 31,800 hectares, 9,100 hectares are classified alienable and disposable area while 22,700 hectares are classified as forest reservation area. Kaingineros and illegal loggers are created serious toil on the forest-reserved area of the municipality when it was rampant ten years ago. Today there are only eleven barangays that has still forest resources with an estimated only eleven barangays that has still forest resources with an estimated area of 13,000 hectares that can be considered with forest trees.

  The Government’s pressing concern on forest denudation has prompted the Department of Natural Resources to establish Reforestation Projects in different sites of the forestall area. Private individuals have also established their own agri-forestry projects, which virtually increases the market value of their agricultural lots.

 

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